National Historic Landmark: The Hermitage

hermitage IMG_1374

Welcome back to National Parks & other public lands with T! If you are seeing this on Twitter or Facebook, please visit the blog to see all of the photos and read the story by clicking the link.

Hermitage 20180428_114646

For the past 8 years, the Northwest Bergen History Coalition has been holding a themed History Day. On History Day, several historic sites in the area are open, running tours and stamping passports. This year, the theme was ‘How Immigration & The Railroad Shaped Our Towns’ with 10 sites participating.

hermitage IMG_1365

The Hermitage in Ho-Ho-Kus is Bergen County’s first National Historical Landmark. The original dwelling was built in the 1700s.  During the Revolutionary War, Theodosia Prevost was left to tend the property while her husband was off fighting. She opened the home to soldiers as a rest station, extending a personal invitation to General Washington and his troops.

Hermitage 20180428_115302

Theodosia’s husband was killed during the war, but she continued to host the militia. Guests during the Revolution included James Monroe, William Paterson, the Marquis de Lafayette, Alexander Hamilton, Lord Stirling and Aaron Burr.

hermitage IMG_1373

Aaron Burr and Theodosia were married at the Hermitage in 1782, after the death of her first husband, and they lived there for a short while. The Rosencrantz Family bought the home in 1807 and in 1847 expanded it to a 14-room Gothic Revival mansion.

Hermitage 20180428_120305

The last surviving Rosencrantz heir, Mary Elizabeth, lived there for her whole life. In her later years, she fell on hard financial times and was unable to properly maintain the house.

Hermitage 20180428_121421

When she burned herself on the fireplace and had to call for help in the late 1960s, it was discovered that she and a cousin had been living in two rooms of the house without any heat or electricity. She was moved to a nursing home and willed the Hermitage to the State of New Jersey. She died in 1970 and ownership of the estate passed to New Jersey with the stipulation that one section of the house dating to the 1700s remain untouched.

Hermitage 20180428_115455

I managed to tour five of the participating sites that day. To see my posts on the other NW Bergen County historic sites, click on the following links:

  1. The Old Stone House (Ramsey)
  2. The Schoolhouse Museum (Ridgewood)
  3. The Hermitage (Ho-ho-kus)
  4. The Zabriskie House (Wyckoff) Coming Soon
  5. The John Fell House (Allendale) Coming Soon

Location: 538 Island Road, Ramsey, NJ 07446

Designation: National Historical Landmark

Date designated or established:: 5/22/1970

Date of my visit: 4/28/2018

hermitage IMG_1381
Only this one window has a stained glass panel. It is easily seen when at the threshold of the front door at the top of the staircase…designed to impress visitors.

11 thoughts on “National Historic Landmark: The Hermitage

  1. Thank you for liking my post on my road trips to Baltimore . When I first saw this title I thought it was Andrew Jackson’s home in Nashville. I had never heard of this Hermitage. It’s easier to visit this Hermitage than the one in Tennessee. Good post as usual.

  2. Pingback: National Parks USA NRHP: Van Voorhees-Quackenbush

  3. Pingback: National Parks USA John Fell House – NRHP

  4. Pingback: Happy International Women’s Day! | National Parks With T

Leave a Reply