Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site

IMG_3245

Welcome back to National Parks & other public lands with T! If you are seeing this on Twitter or Facebook, please visit the blog to see all of the photos and read the story by clicking the link.

IMG_3255

The Vanderbilt family, building on the shipping and railroad business started by Cornelius Vanderbilt, became prominent during the Gilded Age (the period after the Civil War.) In that period the Vanderbilt  grandsons built ornate palaces to showcase their wealth including The Breakers in Rhode Island and The Biltmore in North Carolina.

IMG_3252

The Vanderbilt Mansion, originally known as Hyde Park, is the only Gilded Age mansion owned by the National Park Service. The 54-room Beaux-Arts structure was built in 1898 by Frederick Vanderbilt. He and his wife Louise lived in NYC and used this elaborate mansion as their country ‘cottage’ and entertained only a dozen or so guests at a time here.

IMG_3228

Louise Vanderbilt was a fan of the palace at Versailles and emulated that style of decor in many rooms of the mansion.

IMG_3238

The Park Service had just completed a major renovation when I visited. All of the windows had been removed to be restored by an artisan off-site and then reinstalled.

IMG_3221

While this work was in progress, the furnishings had been put into storage. Some of the rooms were still being put back together and were filled with stacks of plates, assorted knickknacks and sheet-covered pieces.

IMG_3230

We noted that the walls in the foyers and hallways were unadorned and plain. The ranger guiding our tour of the mansion told us that Frederick Vanderbilt had collected antique tapestries and that it looked much different when they were all hanging.

IMG_3229

Unfortunately the tapestries are in need of professional restoration and the park service lacks the funds for that project. Most of the tapestries have been put into storage indefinitely.

IMG_3256

Frederick and Louise were childless. Frederick lived in Hyde Park full-time after Louise’s death and willed the estate to his niece, Margaret Van Alen.

IMG_3227

Van Alen did not want the 600 acre estate and tried to sell it. Because it was the end of the Great Depression, no one could afford it.

IMG_3258

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who’d already willed his nearby Springwood estate to the people of the United States,  worked with Van Alen to donate the mansion along with 200 acres and some of the other buildings to the National Park Service. The remaining acreage, which had been farmland, was sold off and eventually developed.

IMG_3247

Prior to FDR’s presidency, most of the National Park units were designated to preserve our natural wonders and prehistoric sites. Under Roosevelt’s presidency, the role of the National Park service was expanded to include the nation’s historical and cultural treasures as well. Through his legislation, FDR’s government created a quarter of the NPS units currently in the system.

IMG_3212

The Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site was designated to be representative of this era in American history, not as a museum devoted to the Vanderbilt family. So while this might not be the grandest or best-kept estate in the Hudson Valley, the interpretation provided on the Ranger-led tours gives visitors an excellent perspective.

IMG_3216

Hyde Park posts:

IMG_3211

Location: 119 Vanderbilt Park Rd, Hyde Park, NY 12538

Designation: National Historic Site

Date designated or established: 12/18/1940

Date of my visit: 10/3/2018

IMG_3214

19 thoughts on “Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site

  1. Thank you again for all your support of my blog, “MywalkinManhattan.com”. I really appreciate it. I liked your write up on the Vanderbilt Mansion. I have seen it many times too and you will really appreciate it at Christmas time when all the mansions in the Hudson River Valley are decorated for the holidays. I have a write up on my other blog, “VisitingaMuseum.com about the holidays.

    While you are in the Hudson River Valley, don’t miss The Mills Mansion at Staatsburg and Locust Grove outside of Poughkeepsie. They are really interesting too. Also for a treat, go to the Culinary Institute of America for lunch. The Apple Pie Cafe is amazing! Downtown Poughkeepsie also has some interesting neighborhoods to see and the museum at Vassar College is very interesting as well.

    Happy and Safe Travels!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Pingback: National Parks USA Biltmore Estate National Historic Landmark

  3. Pingback: National Parks USA Vanderbilt’s Eagle’s Nest NRHP

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s